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Server, Web, Desktop and Mobile suite
WikiSuite is the most comprehensive and integrated Free / Libre / Open Source software suite.

Marc Laporte

  • Founded AvanTech.net in 1999
  • Offers tech services mostly to small and medium organizations
    • And a few larger ones
  • Over 200 projects in 15 years


WikiSuite is a selection of Free / Libre / Open Source Software (FLOSS) server, web, mobile and desktop apps with a concerted effort for greater interoperability and security, which is aimed at small & medium-sized organizations.

The WikiSuite is especially suited to decentralized and knowledge-centric organizations and offers the features that what 80% of the people use 80% of the time (collaboration, office productivity, publishing, etc.).

Features include: Email + Wiki + CMS + Groupware + Commerce + Accounting + Document Management + CRM + Web conferencing + Desktop sharing + PBX VOIP Telephony + Instant messaging & presence + Video management + E-learning, etc.

Use case

  • 10 to 100 employees
  • External consultants, partners & volunteers
  • Multilingual, distributed & mobile work force
  • Knowledge workers
  • CMS / Portal / Blog / Web Publishing / Newsletter
  • Intranet / Extranet / Collaboration / Document Management / Wiki / Groupware / Project Management
  • CRM / Customer support / Social Networking
  • E-Commerce / ERP / Payment / Accounting / Business Intelligence (BI)
  • Online training / tech support / Issue tracker / Knowledge base
  • Social networking / Community
  • Office suite / Personal Information Management (PIM)
  • Web conferencing / chat / telephony / Remote Desktop
  • Framework: App builder (forms & reports), Workflow, Profiles, Advanced wiki syntax, etc.
  • Etc.

This represents millions of organizations


  • In 2003, I embarked on a quest to make Tiki become a "web-based integrated virtual desktop" / "Web operating system"
    • Each new project was an opportunity to add / improve Tiki features and Tiki eventually became the FLOSS web application with the most built-in features
  • 2011: Launched the Tiki Suite project and started analysis.
  • 2012: A prototype with ClearOS 5.2 was conclusive.
    • ClearOS 5.2 is awesome but is a distro with components from 2007-2008, and we prefer to build Tiki Suite on version 6.x (so we continued to improve Tiki)
  • 2013: Redo the tests and update the analysis based on ClearOS 6.4
  • 2014: After hundreds of hours of research, analysis & testing, some trial & error with the components, I am ready to go and confident of the "future-proofness" of the solution.
  • 2015: Improvements in packaging and interoperability of various components. Selection of Openfire Meetings.
  • 2016: Renamed from Tiki Suite to WikiSuite suite.tiki.org -> wikisuite.org

Why the name?

  • It's a suite of applications around Tiki
  • Suite means "next step" in French, so "next step for Tiki"
  • But what is Tiki?


Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware: The general idea

  • Tightly Integrated Knowledge Infrastructure
  • Combination CMS + Wiki + Groupware + a lot more!
  • Free / Libre / Open Source (LGPL)
  • Like Wikipedia, but for code instead of content
  • Each project is unique, but some are more unique than others. Tiki is the Free / Libre / Open Source Web Application:
  • Over a million lines of code, including half from 3rd party libraries such as jQuery, Smarty and Zend Framework, and thus "Standing on the shoulders of giants".

Hundreds of built-in features

Action log Alert Articles & Submissions Backlinks Banner Blog Bookmark Browser Compatibility Cache Calendar Category Charts Chat Comment Communication Center Compression (gzip) Contact Address book Contact us Content template Contribution Cookie Copyright Custom Home (and Group Home Page) Date and Time Debugger Console Directory (of hyperlinks) Documentation (Help System) DogFood Drawing Dynamic Content Dynamic Variable External Authentication FAQ Featured links File Gallery Forum Friendship Network (Community) Game Gmap Google maps Group Help System Hotword HTML Page i18n (Multilingual, l10n, Babelfish) Image Gallery Install Integrator Interaction Inter-User Messages InterTiki Karma Live Support Login Lost edit protection Mail-in Maps Menu Meta Tag Mobile Module Multimedia MultiTiki MyTiki Newsletter Newsreader Notepad OS independence (Non-Linux, Windows/IIS, Mac, BSD) PDF Performance Speed / Load Permission Poll Profile Manager Quicktags Quiz Rating Registration RSS Score Search Engine Friendly Search Security Semantic links Shadowbox Shoutbox Site Identity Slideshow Smarty Template Smiley Spam protection (Antibot CATPCHA) Spreadsheet Stats Survey System log Tags Task Tell a Friend + Social Bookmarking TikiTests Theme Trackers TRIM User Administration User Files User Menu Watch WebHelp Webmail Wiki 3D Wiki History, page rename, etc Wiki plugins extends basic syntax Wiki syntax text area, parser, etc Wiki structure (book and table of content) Workflow, WYSIWYCA WYSIWYG XMLRPC

Over 1200 settings/options in the admin panel!

The Free / Libre / Open Source Web Application with the most built-in features. There are so many, we had to add a search engine in the admin panel!

Other popular apps have a different model: small core + loads of functionality in 3rd party add-ons.


  • No hunting around to find the best 3rd party module
  • No needing to re-install 3rd party modules at every upgrade, hoping they all still work!
  • Because, in Tiki, everything is built-in and developers collaborate on and extend features, instead of just cooperating around a core (when they are not just outright competing...). And upgrades are easy!
  • Do you have two wiki pages for the same thing? No. Why would it be so for features?
  • More later about the model, let's describe some features!

Permissions & groups

  • Users can be in any number of groups
  • Groups can be included in groups
  • Registration system
  • Over 200 permissions, which can be:
    • System-wide (global)
    • by item (object)
    • by category (workspaces)

object permissions page image
Assign object permissions

Wiki engine

  • Powerful wiki syntax
  • Powerful version history and diff engine
  • Book and table of content
  • Email notification of changes
  • Advanced plugins
  • Advanced translation synchronization

wiki edit page image
Wiki page edit screen

Tracker & form generator & reports

  • Create custom application
  • Bug tracker, application forms, contact forms, etc.
  • Can create reports in wiki pages
  • Multilingual
  • Can link to other trackers
  • 20+ field types
    • text field, text area, checkbox, numeric field, drop down, radio buttons, user selector, date and time, image, category, email, auto-increment, Maps, computed field, attachment, etc.

tracker fields page image
Typical tracker fields


  • Several calendars
  • iCal
  • Recurring events
  • RSS feeds
  • Distinct permissions

calendar image
Typical calendar

Blog & news articles

  • Several blogs
  • Topics
  • Tags & categories
  • RSS feeds
  • Permissions
  • Can use wiki syntax
calendar image
Typical blog post


  • Formulas
  • Charts
  • Version history
  • Can use wiki syntax in calls
  • Can embed sheets & charts anywhere in Tiki
spreadsheet feature image
Spreadsheet feature


  • You are currently watching it!
  • Made from wiki pages
  • Slide notes, for a second screen
  • Timer
  • Uses S5 standard

slideshow page image
Wiki page and slideshow screen

Discussion forums

  • Threaded or flat forums
  • Mailing list integration
  • Can use wiki syntax
  • File Attachment
  • Email notification of replies
calendar image
Forum topics list

File & image galleries

  • Hierarchical galleries
  • Check-in/Check-out/lock
  • Categories for files
  • Permissions
  • Watch (notification of change by email)
  • WebDAV support
browse file gallery image
Browse file gallery


  • Vector drawing
  • Shapes & lines
  • Stored in SVG
  • Integrates SVG-edit (JavaScript)
  • Layers
vector drawing
Vector drawing feature

Screencapture and Screencast

  • Select screen area
  • Capture screenshot as PNG, JPG, etc.
  • Record video
    • Audio from microphone
    • Pause during the recording
    • Play before upload
    • Post-recording editor to remove frames
    • Pick splash frame
    • Generates a .swf file
  • Integrates jCapture applet


  • Translated to 40+ languages
  • Wiki has awesome i18n change tracking
  • Wiki-translation.com
translation management interface image
Translation management interface

The Tiki model

  • Wiki community
    • Do-ocracy, P2P
  • Wiki way participation to the code
  • All-in-one codebase
    • Inherent synchronized releases
  • Lots of features, but no duplication
    • Do you have two wiki pages for the same thing? No. So, why would it be so for features?
  • Dogfood
    • *.tiki.org sites are upgraded before a .0 is released
  • Scheduled releases (twice per year)
    • Long Term Support (LTS) every third release, with 5 year support
  • Commercial eco-system based on services, not code.
    • All code is shared

Benefits & challenges

Offers benefits

  • Tons of features, without duplication, excellent code re-use and code review, more collaboration, tight integration, easy upgrades, excellent interaction between features, etc.
  • Permits huge changes between versions because we don’t have to worry about breaking 3rd party extensions.
  • Less code for the community to maintain: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technical_debt
  • No abandoned module, because a new shiny one just came out
  • No dependency hell (needing to re-install 3rd party modules at every upgrade, hoping they all still work!)
  • No hunting around to find the best 3rd party module

But does bring challenges

  • Huge code base to maintain
  • Admin panels with hundreds of features for a total of over 1200 settings/options! (we had to add a search!)
  • Learning curve: 1200+ pages of documentation
  • What should be sensible defaults?

More about complexity and files

Tiki 7.1 contains 11348 files and it's the FLOSS Web application with the most built-in features. About half the code in Tiki is maintained by the Tiki community and the other half is re-using code from external libraries like Smarty, Zend Framework, jQuery, etc.

So say we maintain about 6000 files. Sounds like quite a bit, but let's put this into perspective:

  • Joomla! has 9463 "extensions"
  • Drupal has 15948 "modules"
  • WordPress has 19382 "plugins"

Tiki covers the vast majority of features that these 3 systems offer via the thousands of extensions. So just about any project you could do with Joomla!, WordPress or Drupal, you could also do it with Tiki. Yet, they have more extensions to maintain than we have files! (and since they can't possibly maintain them all, it leads to dead-end extensions and disappointed end-users).

See: https://tiki.org/Coping+with+Complexity


Instead of having thousands of extensions, we collaborate on the code base, and can make very specific apps thanks to profiles.

  • Value of a free source project
    • Beyond code: the community and the experience
    • Combining the different features, producing new benefits never imagined by the authors
    • How to share this knowledge?
  • Profiles to configure your Tiki
    • On wiki pages (collaborative, version history, etc.)
    • Can be used not just at install, but at any time and can be combined
    • Not just for settings, but also for data
    • Since there is no extra code, can be designed for very specific, long tail uses

We can have hundreds of profiles for an out-of-the-box experience, with a single code-base!

Tiki NIH Syndrome?

"Not Invented Here (NIH) is a term used to describe persistent social, corporate or institutional culture that avoids using or buying already existing products, research or knowledge because of their external origins. It is normally used in a pejorative sense, and may be considered an anti-pattern." Source: Wikipedia

Half of the code in Tiki comes from other projects! Tiki includes code from over 60 external libraries, including:

  • Zend Framework, including Zend_Search_Lucene
  • jQuery & jQuery UI javascript library
  • jQuery Mobile
  • Bootstrap (coming in Tiki13)
  • Smarty template engine
  • CKEditor WYSIWYG
  • Simile widgets (timeline)
  • SWF upload
  • HTML Purifier
  • SVG-edit drawings
  • jquery.sheet spreadsheet
  • jquery.s5 slideshow
  • Raphaël graphics & charts
  • Mobile ESP (mobile device detection)
  • OpenLayers maps
  • CodeMirror Syntax highlighting
  • Minify library
  • Some Pear and Zeta libs (Pear-Auth, XMLRPC, Net_LDAP2, WebDAV, etc.)
  • phpCAS
  • Many more...

Tiki interoperability

  • BigBlueButton Web conferencing
  • OPcache, XCache, Memcached and APC
  • R (statistics & maths for any science)
  • GD & ImageMagick
  • Zotero (references)
  • OpenLayers (OpenStreetMaps, MapServer and GoogleMaps)
  • Cclite (community currency)
  • PayPal
  • Various authentication (phpBB, LDAP, Shibboleth, CAS, OpenID, etc.)
  • Subversion
  • Kaltura video platform
  • 40+ examples at https://doc.tiki.org/Interoperability

How much is it "worth"?

  • $20 million according to the Basic COCOMO model

  • Yet, the Tiki Software Community Association (TSCA) has no employees
  • Tiki doesn't depend on any funding from any company, foundation, government or anyone. It thrives thanks to the community.


Why this evolution?

  • So things are good, why change?

We need friendly software on the server and on the client computer and mobile device to avoid dealing with so many permutations and be able to develop advanced features and tight integration. Ex.: We have a Tiki chat feature, but we can't do presence.

Overlap & interoperability & the Trend to suites

  • Best of breed vs. suites vs. feature bloat
  • While Ted Nelson coined "Intertwingularity" to express the "complexity of interrelations in human knowledge", it's the same problem for software. There will always be overlap.
  • Apple controls both the hardware and the software which make it much simpler (drivers, UI, etc.)
  • Every app claims interoperability (ex.: via open standards)
    • It's very hard! Even within apps of a same publisher!
  • Because of Zawinksi's law ("Every program attempts to expand until it can read mail. Those programs which cannot so expand are replaced by ones which can." ), intertwingularity and the progressive move to Web Applications, more & more apps and SaaS will offer "everything".
  • "It's best to do one thing really, really well." –Google
    • Google started just with search. And now? :-)

What is status of WikiSuite?

  • The good
    • Each component is fantastic, and the future is bright
    • All risky / major / strategic components have been selected, and they all fit well together, with minimal overlap
  • The bad
    • It's still a manual process to assemble all the parts of the Suite (we are working on this)
    • Some less critical components (like Desktop Remote Control) still need to be picked (but there are many good options)
  • The ugly
    • Some components don't yet interoperate well even though they should (It proves the relevance of this project!)

How to pick apps?

  • This is a long-term strategic decision
  • Sound architecture/technology?
  • Compatible license?
  • Compatible community model?
  • Active community?
  • Same programming languages as us?
  • Is SaaS available?
  • Will the project be doing well in 5-10 years?


Black Duck Open Hub

  • Best place to discover & analyze FLOSS projects
  • Compare software by tag, check activity level, number of contributors, recent commits, code analysis
  • Users add software to their "stacks"



  • Similar to CentOS but with slick, integrated UI and tons of features for a distributed organization. Can be on premise or hosted. ClearCenter offers paid services (ex.: remote backups, domain names, etc.) and hardware (ClearBOX)
  • Gateway
    • Anti-Phishing & Anti-Malware
    • Snort network intrusion prevention and detection system (IDS/IPS)
    • Bandwidth manager
  • Network
    • Firewall
    • VPN
  • Server
    • OpenLDAP
    • PHP & MySQL
    • BackupPC
    • Samba Print & File Share


Mail - Calendar - Contacts

  • Webmail
  • Address book, connects to OpenLDAP (which is part of ClearOS)
  • Calendar
  • ActiveSync for offline access on any mobile device
  • Virual & Spam filters, server-side filters, etc.

Openfire Meetings

Combinaison de Openfire + Jitsi Meet + CandyJS + TogetherJS

Demo: (demander un accès à Marc)


  • XMPP: Ex.: ChatSecure , Spark, etc.
  • WebRTC: Chrome pour l'instant. Support Firefox dans la prochaine version.

Works well

  • Full standard XMPP feature set
    • Presence
    • Store and send offline messages
    • Server to server messages
    • XEP-0136: Message Archiving
    • Multi-device
    • XEP-280 message carbons
    • File transfer
  • WebRTC videoconference
    • Web chat interface
    • Screen sharing (for Firefox and Chrome)
    • Active speaker identification
  • General
    • Encryption (done by clients)
    • Runs on standard GNU/Linux server (and perhaps even Windows)
    • OpenLDAP user integration available
    • Some users can be in a browser and others with an XMPP client
    • Web-based admin panel

Needs some work / configuration / testing

  • Meeting planner (email notifications of upcoming meetings)
  • Fastpath (managed queued chat requests, such as a support team might use)
  • PDF Presentations -> needs to be faster
  • Post-it scrum board -> needs CSS work
  • Collaborative drawing (whiteboard) -> works but too rudimentary
  • Collaborative text editing (buggy but we are working with lead dev to fix)
  • Co-Browsing
  • SIP integration: Phone-in & call out phone numbers to the conference
  • Recording a conference

Desktop apps / Virtual desktops

  • Edit ClearOS Flexshare files (Samba) via OpenVPN
  • Access a virtual desktop (Any OS) via RDP or VNC, which has both software and files.
  • Can be with VirtualBox or KVM
  • BackupPC can be used to backup from client PCs to the ClearOS server

Kaltura video platform

  • Full-featured platform
  • Recording from webcam
  • Handles transcoding
  • HTML5 player
  • SaaS available.
  • Integrates with Tiki (SSO)



  • PHP/MySQL Web analytics
  • Easy to integrate, nice feature set, nice UI.
  • There is a mobile client



  • By default, Tiki uses MySQL, but if/when your site has high performance requirements, you can easily replace with ElasticSearch
  • Analytics
  • Faceted search
  • Natural Language Processing (More Like This, etc.)
  • Super fast & scalable
  • Easy to deploy
  • Already integrated with Tiki
  • Also see Kibana, Elasticsearch's data visualization engine


Syncthing replaces proprietary sync and cloud services with something open, trustworthy and decentralized. Your data is your data alone and you deserve to choose where it is stored, if it is shared with some third party and how it's transmitted over the Internet.
Source: http://syncthing.net/

  • Efficient sync between Windows, Mac, GNU/Linux and Android
  • Bootstrap GUI
  • Goal is to use for offline sync of File Galleries (developers or sponsors needed!)



KeePass is a popular, full-featured FLOSS password manager. Beyond passwords, you can also attach files to password entries (ex.: PGP signature files, sensitive spreadsheets, contracts, etc.), which is immensely useful.



  • Used to connect to most apps, and admin panels
  • Firefox has a rapid release cycle (a new version every 6 weeks or so) and thus, we will take advantage of the new features as they come out.
  • Alternatively, you can use any modern Web browser.



  • LXDE is a lighweight GNU/Linux desktop environment with the "classic desktop" metaphor"
  • LXLE is a respin of Lubuntu with LXDE and a lot of included software. Suitable for old PCs



  • All major components are picked. Get communities collaborating.
  • Compatibility challenges are discovered (workaround, fix, etc.) Ex.: Matomo & Clipperz (A password manager) conflict!
  • First a recipe, then a scripted install and eventually a WikiSuite Appliance (replace our current live Tiki CD)
  • More features
    • Deploy TogetherJS to all Tiki features
    • Password management
    • More ERP & Human Resource Management features (ex.: payroll)
    • Building automation, access cards, etc.
    • Source Control Management
    • Digital currency
    • Distributed Social Networking / Friend to Friend (F2F)
  • https://suite.tiki.org/Tiki+Suite+Roadmap

How to participate

To participate, simply create an account on tiki.org and start participating. This site is a wiki. If you need/prefer to contact someone in private (ex.: media inquiry), please write to marclaporte at this domain name.

You should also create an account and join Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware & Tiki Suite group on the ClearOS site


  • All major components are picked. Get communities collaborating.
  • Compatibility challenges are discovered (workaround, fix, etc.)
  • First a recipe, then a scripted install and eventually a WikiSuite Appliance (replace our current live Tiki CD)
  • More features
    • Deploy TogetherJS to all Tiki features
    • Password management
    • More ERP & Human Resource Management features (ex.: payroll)
    • Building automation, access cards, etc.
    • Source Control Management
    • Digital currency
    • Distributed Social Networking / Friend to Friend (F2F)
  • https://suite.tiki.org/Tiki+Suite+Roadmap


WikiSuite: WikiSuite.org
The Tiki model: tiki.org/Model